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December 2015  

Volume 2  Issue 4

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Research Article

Role of Direct Fluorescence Visualization for Screening of Oral Cancer and its Impact on Raising Awareness

Cansu Alpaslan*, Guzin Neda Hasanoglu Erbasar, Gökhan Alpaslan, Buğra Yılmaz, Berçem Kalender

Oral cancer accounts 3% of all cancers worldwide with an increase in rates for both sexes and rising trends in young men. As survival rate increases when diagnosed at early stages, systematic visual inspection is recommended at the beginning of dental treatment of patients. However, diagnosis of oral cancer by visual oral examination may be challenging sometimes and, determining the malignant transformation of clinically visible potentially malignant disorder is not possible. Public awareness of OC has been reported to be very low, causing delay in referral and treatment.                                                                                

                                                                                                                                                              Download PDF Full text

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Original Article

Orofacial myofunctional Therapy in Head and Neck Cancer Patients with Limited Mouth Opening

Viviane de CARVALHO, MSc, PhD, Sandra Regina DIONIZIO, José Francisco de GÓIS FILHO – MSc, PhD

There are different types of treatment for head and neck cancer, including: surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Their use alone or combined can lead to sequelae in the temporomandibular joint, resulting in limited mouth opening. However, there are few studies have been published that evaluated exercise therapy in oncology related trismus, and no standard of care exits. The objective of this study was to verify the influence of a 7-week structured orofacial myofunctional exercise program on increasing the mouth opening in head and neck cancer patients with trismus. The sample consisted of 17 patients aged between 45 and 77 years, 15 men and 2 women with mouth opening less than 40 mm.                                                                                

                                                                                                                                                              Download PDF Full text

 

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Case Report

A case of phleboliths of the lower lip

Shinya Takahashi*, Tomohiro Hamada, Ichiro Kawahara, Hideki Kon, Satoshi Takada, Takashi Ohno, Junko Yusa, Yuko Sakurai

We report a patient with phleboliths of the lower lip not associated with a hemangioma or vascular malformation. A 50-yearold male noticed a soft, elastic mass in the left lower lip, and repeatedly bit this area by mistake. A diagnosis of a mucocele was made, and cystectomy was performed under local anesthesia on an outpatient basis. Histopathological examination showed dystrophic calcification coated with fibrous connective tissue. His postoperative course has been favorable up to the present, without findings suggesting recurrence.                                                                                

                                                                                                                                                              Download PDF Full text

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Clinical Trial

The Effects of Plant Substances on the Extent and Clinical Course of Treatment- Resistant Chronic Periodontitis

Fee Wiesinger*, Gresser U

Chronic periodontitis is one of the commonest chronic inflammatory conditions. It represents a large clinical and health economic problem due to its wide distribution and consequences. After the age of 40, periodontitis is the main cause of tooth loss. There are numerous causes and contributing factors. Age, gender, oral hygiene, general illnesses (diabetes, osteoporosis) and life circumstances (stress, smoking, nutrition) all influence the development and clinical course of the condition.                                                                                

                                                                                                                                                              Download PDF Full text

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Review Article

Down Syndrome and Periodontal Disease: Role of the Immune System

Beatriz de Brito Bezerra*, DDS, MS, PhD, Sangeeta Gajendra, DDS, MPH, MS

Periodontal disease is highly prevalent in Down syndrome (DS) individuals and is a significant cause of tooth loss in these individuals. Alterations in the immune system associated with poor oral hygiene, normally observed in these patients, are important contributing factors for the increased susceptibility to periodontal disease. The etiology of periodontal disease in DS is complex and more recently much focus has been placed in understanding the immune response alterations resulting from this genetic disorder.                                                                               

                                                                                                                                                              Download PDF Full text

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Research article

Evaluation of Ultraviolet light (UV) and Light emitter diode (LED) on Toothbrushes Decontamination : An Experimental in vitro Study

Bruna Rios Teófilo, graduate student, Larissa Mendonça de Oliveira, graduate student Luana Feitosa de Carvalho, graduate student, Rafaela Silva e Souza Lima, graduate student, Márcia Maria de Negreiros Pinto Rocha, PhD, Sérgio Luis da Silva Pereira*, PhD

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the ultraviolet light and light emitter diode on toothbrushes decontamination. Thirty adult patients with chronic gingivitis between the ages of 20 and 55 years old brushed their teeth three times a day for one week. After this period, the toothbrushes were collected for decontamination process and divided equally in three groups, as follow as: Control – no decontamination; LED – decontamination using light emitter diode; UV – decontamination using ultra violet light; Then, the toothbrushes were immersed for 30 seconds in test tubes containing Brain Heart Infusion (BHI) and placed in the stove at 37oC during 24 hours.                                                                                

                                                                                                                                                              Download PDF Full text

 

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