Volume 2 Issue 2
Hypotheses of Pre-Maxilla Innervations in Cleft Lip and Palate Patients
Castro CHBC, Almeida VL, Reher P, Souza LN, De Moraes M, Souza ACRA
Cleft lip and palate (CLP) are birth defects that affect the midface, usually compromising aesthetics and several orofacial functions. Management of these cases implies the need of a multidisciplinary team, laying the foundations of a comprehensive rehabilitation. Cleft lip and palate may be associated to some syndromes, most commonly the Van der Woude Syndrome.
Rehabilitation of a Maxillofacial Cheek Defect with a Double-Layered Epithesis: A Case Report
Bahadir Ersu*, Dilek P Senyilmaz
A 61-year-old man with full thickness facial cheek defect due to a complication of tissue necrosis occured after surgical and followed radiation therapy for basal cell carcinoma of the submental region required prosthetic rehabilitation. Apart from the aesthetic concern, he was suffering from other oral debilities such as difficulty in eating, speaking and swallowing. As this type of carcinoma may have a potential risk of morbidity and mortality, it is an obligation of a prosthodontist to treat the patient to have an acceptable and normal social life for his remaining lifespan.
fMRI Study on Human Subjects with Sudden Occlusal Vertical Dimension Increase
Agnes Lai, Mayuresh Korgaonkar, Lavier Gomes, Terry Whittle, Sheryl Foster, Leanne Williams, Iven Klineberg*
The aim of this study was to investigate whether immediate sensorimotor activity change and cortical plasticity can be observed over a 2-week period after a change of the occlusal vertical dimension; and whether this data correlates with the individual’s psychological profile and satisfaction. Ten subjects (5 males, 5 females) were asked to voluntarily use an acrylic resin mandibular Essex overlay, which provided an increase of 3.0mm at the incisor teeth. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) with a tooth-tapping task, as well as satisfaction questionnaire (visual analogue scale -- VAS) were carried out before (T0), at the insertion (T1) and at 2 weeks after the insertion of the overlay (T2).
Oral Discomfort in Patients taking Atypical versus Typical Antipsychotics
K. Koski, M. Koski*, H. Rantanen, H. Murtomaa, J.H. Meurman
This open cross-sectional questionnaire study investigated subjective oral symptoms in hospitalized psychiatric patients, comparing those taking typical vs. atypical neuroleptic drugs. The present study included 170 hospitalized patients who were taking psychiatric medications. We observed a significantly higher prevalence of xerostomia in the typical neuroleptic group (66%) compared with the atypical neuroleptic group (53%, p<0.01). In our study, 28% of women and 17% of men received professional consultations for dry mouth.