Volume 3 Issue 1
Evaluation of Adjunctive Diagnostıc Tools for the Detection of Oral Potentially Malignant Disorders and Malignant Lesions
Güzin Neda Hasanoğlu Erbaşar*, DDS, PhD, Cansu Alpaslan, DDS, PhD
Oral cancer defines squamous cell carcinoma of the lip, oral cavity and oropharynx which is a growing serious problem around the world. Despite advances in treatment, the 5-year survival among oral cancer patients has remained approximately 50% and due to the vast majority cases are diagnosed in advanced stages the survival rates are poor. In the past decade adjunctive techniques have been developed to enhance oral mucosal examinations and facilitate the distinction between oral benign lesions, oral potentially malignant disorders (PMDs) and oral malignant lesions. The purpose of this review is to analyse indications, effectiveness, advantages and disadvantages of the available diagnostic tests and techniques helped for the detection of oral PMDs and malignant lesions.
Oral Malodor as a Health and Social Problem
Najwa Nassrawin*, DDS, MS and Nabil F. Bissada, DDS, MSD
Oral malodor is a serious problem that makes subjects who suffer from it subjected to adverse health and embarrassing consequences. Oral malodor may lead to significant personal discomfort and social embarrassment. The aim of this article is to provide a comprehensive review of this condition including: oral malodor examination protocol, causes, prevalence, methods of diagnosis and proposed treatment options.